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Afghanistan Seen by Others

Afghanistan Seen by Others  

Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
Through much of the twentieth century Afghanistan seemed to be a distant concern in the United States. “Afghanistanism” used to be journalistic shorthand for stories about distant places, ... More
Agriculture and Economy

Agriculture and Economy  

Asher Orkaby

in Yemen:

Published in Print: 
25 February 2021
Published Online: 
27 January 2022
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190932268.003.0008
Format: 
chapter
This chapter assesses agriculture and economy in Yemen. Yemen was a latecomer to the Arabian oil market, as significant reserves were discovered only in 1986 by the ... More
Ahmadinejad, Rouhani and Iran now

Ahmadinejad, Rouhani and Iran now  

Michael Axworthy

in Iran: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 January 2017
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190232955.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
How did Ahmadinejad become president in 2005? Among the presidents Iran has had since the revolution, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was the joker in the pack. He was not part of the charmed ... More
Albanians

Albanians  

Tim Judah

in Kosovo: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
25 September 2008
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780195376739.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
Although the focus of this book is Kosovo, it is also about the people of the Western Balkans, especially the Albanians and the Serbs, who do not fit neatly into the boundaries of the ... More
Ali Abdullah Saleh’s Regime,
                        Unification, and al-Qaeda

Ali Abdullah Saleh’s Regime, Unification, and al-Qaeda  

Asher Orkaby

in Yemen:

Published in Print: 
25 February 2021
Published Online: 
27 January 2022
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190932268.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
This chapter evaluates how Ali Abdullah Saleh was appointed president of Yemen in July of 1978. In the months following the assassination of both al-Ghashmi and ... More
Amazonia’s Uncertain Future

Amazonia’s Uncertain Future  

Mark J. Plotkin

in The Amazon: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
23 June 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190668297.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
I have already outlined a number of threats to Amazonia like cattle ranching, mining, and climate change, but what follows are some of the most urgent—​and ominous—​risks and challenges ... More
Amazonian Biota

Amazonian Biota  

Mark J. Plotkin

in The Amazon: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
23 June 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190668297.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
Plants What is ayahuasca? From Argentina to Australia, from Israel to Istanbul, a once-​obscure Amazonian liana, admixed with a few other plants, is now celebrated—​and ... More
Ancient and Islamic Iran

Ancient and Islamic Iran  

Michael Axworthy

in Iran: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 January 2017
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190232955.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
What do we know about the Indo-European peoples and the origins of Iran? What we know begins with the fact that the Persian language (known to Iranians in their own tongue as ... More
The Antarctic Treaty of 1959

The Antarctic Treaty of 1959  

David Day

in Antarctica: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 June 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190641320.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
Why were the Russians and other claimants suddenly prepared in the late 1950s to reach agreement on the governance of Antarctica? The onset of the Cold War and the arrival of ... More
The Arab Spring in
                        Yemen

The Arab Spring in Yemen  

Asher Orkaby

in Yemen:

Published in Print: 
25 February 2021
Published Online: 
27 January 2022
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190932268.003.0011
Format: 
chapter
This chapter explores the Arab Spring in Yemen, which arrived as a wave of popular dissent directed against the regime of Ali Abdullah Saleh in early 2011. What made ... More
The Arab Uprisings and their Fallout

The Arab Uprisings and their Fallout  

James L. Gelvin

in The New Middle East: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
11 January 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190653996.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
How did the Arab uprisings begin? On December 17, 2010, a Tunisian street vendor, Muhammad Bouazizi, set himself on fire in front of the local government building in Sidi Bouzid, ... More
The Arab-Israeli Wars

The Arab-Israeli Wars  

Dov Waxman

in The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 August 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190625320.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
How many Arab-Israeli wars have there been, and how many people have been killed? It is not as easy as you might think to count the number of Arab-Israeli wars or tally the number ... More
Arabia Felix—An Early History
                        of Yemen

Arabia Felix—An Early History of Yemen  

Asher Orkaby

in Yemen:

Published in Print: 
25 February 2021
Published Online: 
27 January 2022
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190932268.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
This chapter presents an early history of Yemen. What is the connection between the biblical story of Noah's flood and Yemen? The answer to this question can tell us ... More
Arabian Minorities

Arabian Minorities  

Asher Orkaby

in Yemen:

Published in Print: 
25 February 2021
Published Online: 
27 January 2022
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190932268.003.0009
Format: 
chapter
This chapter addresses the minorities living in Yemen. There is a long tradition of migration between the Horn of Africa and Yemen. This cross-Red Sea migration has ... More
Arctic Homelands

Arctic Homelands  

Klaus Dodds and Mark Nuttall

in The Arctic: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 August 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190649814.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
The Arctic, if defined by land and sea (and ice) lying north of the Arctic Circle, is home to 4 million people. The majority of residents are found in the Russian North, and overwhelmingly ... More
The Bashir-Turabi Coup of 1989, the Rise and Fall of Hassan Al-Turabi, and U.S. Policy Toward Sudan

The Bashir-Turabi Coup of 1989, the Rise and Fall of Hassan Al-Turabi, and U.S. Policy Toward Sudan  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
How did Omar al-Bashir and Hassan al-Turabi take power? On June 30, 1989, just as Sadiq was about to leave for Addis Ababa, a group of midranking army officers led by Brigadier ... More
The Basics

The Basics  

Dov Waxman

in The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 August 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190625320.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
Who is the conflict between? To understand any conflict, the first and most basic task is to accurately identify the parties involved. When it comes to the Israeli-Palestinian ... More
Before the Deluge: The Middle East, 1945–2011

Before the Deluge: The Middle East, 1945–2011  

James L. Gelvin

in The New Middle East: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
11 January 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190653996.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
What is the Middle East? The Middle East “Middle East” is one of several terms that refer to the territory of southwest Asia and North Africa. Other terms for the same ... More
The BeginningTunisia and Egypt

The Beginning: Tunisia and Egypt  

James L. Gelvin

in The Arab Uprisings: What Everyone Needs to Know® (2 ed.)

Published in Print: 
23 July 2015
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190222741.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
What characteristics do Tunisia and Egypt hold in common? At first glance, it would seem that no two countries in the Arab world differ from each other more than Tunisia and Egypt. ... More
The Beginning of the Conflict

The Beginning of the Conflict  

Dov Waxman

in The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 August 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190625320.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
When did the conflict begin? By far the most enduring popular myth about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is that it is an age-old conflict. All too often, one hears the claim that ... More

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