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Alcohol and HealthCheers!?

Alcohol and Health: Cheers!?  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0019
Format: 
chapter
How is alcohol handled in the body? Alcohol is among the only drugs consumed regularly in the diet other than caffeine. It is water-soluble and distributed into all tissues and ... More
A Brief History of NutritionScientific Discoveries and Applications

A Brief History of Nutrition: Scientific Discoveries and Applications  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0009
Format: 
chapter
How do we know what we know about food and health? We eat every day, and we know how food makes us feel. Perhaps because of this, many overlook that nutrition is a discipline ... More
Contemporary Food Production, Buzzwords, and Pop NutritionFact or Fiction?

Contemporary Food Production, Buzzwords, and Pop Nutrition: Fact or Fiction?  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
What are “processed” foods, and how do they fit into a healthy diet? Food processing transforms raw agricultural crops into food products. For many, “processed foods” carries a ... More
Creating a Colorful PlateVegetables and Fruits

Creating a Colorful Plate: Vegetables and Fruits  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0013
Format: 
chapter
How do vegetables differ nutritionally? Botanically, vegetables are the edible parts of plants and, thus, technically include fruits (the seed-containing, mature ovary). ... More
Diets and Food Environments TodayWhy We Eat the Way We Do

Diets and Food Environments Today: Why We Eat the Way We Do  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
What are the influencers and major drivers of eating behavior and food choices in today’s world? For millions of years during the course of evolution, the human diet was driven ... More
The Foundation of NutritionCarbohydrate, Fat, and Protein

The Foundation of Nutrition: Carbohydrate, Fat, and Protein  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0011
Format: 
chapter
What are the different kinds of carbohydrates we eat? Carbohydrates are so named because of their chemical composition, which includes carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Globally, the ... More
Framing Today’s Food and Nutrition Issues

Framing Today’s Food and Nutrition Issues  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
What’s this book about? The Oxford Living Dictionary defines “food” as “a nutritious substance that people or animals eat or drink or that plants absorb in order to maintain life ... More
The Future of Food and Nutrition

The Future of Food and Nutrition  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0023
Format: 
chapter
How will we sustainably feed 10 billion people in 2050—and beyond? Current estimates suggest that about 50% more food, feed, and biofuel is required to nourish about one-third more ... More
Global Food and Nutrition ChallengesPeople and Planet

Global Food and Nutrition Challenges: People and Planet  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
Who is affected by hunger, food insecurity, and malnutrition? Global hunger has been decreasing steadily in recent years, from about 900 million in 2000 to 777 million in 2015, or ... More
How Revolutions, Discoveries, and Inventions Shape Our DietPaleo to Present

How Revolutions, Discoveries, and Inventions Shape Our Diet: Paleo to Present  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0005
Format: 
chapter
What is the Paleolithic diet? What did hunter–gatherers actually eat? While “Paleo” diets may seem to be a 21st-century fad, the concept has solid scientific roots in the ... More
Land Animals and Animal-Based Foods

Land Animals and Animal-Based Foods  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0016
Format: 
chapter
What animals are consumed for food, and how do they differ nutritionally? Between 1970 and 2011, the number of animals raised for food increased three-fold, from 7.3 billion to ... More
Plant Protein PowerBeans and Peas, Legumes and Pulses, Nuts and Seeds

Plant Protein Power: Beans and Peas, Legumes and Pulses, Nuts and Seeds  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0015
Format: 
chapter
What are legumes, and why are they unique in nutrition and agriculture? A legume is the fruit or seed of plants including beans (e.g., black, kidney, pinto, lima, fava, soy), peas ... More
Putting It All TogetherCreating a Health-Giving Diet That Works for You, for Life

Putting It All Together: Creating a Health-Giving Diet That Works for You, for Life  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0022
Format: 
chapter
Is focusing on individual nutrients and foods important for health? Nutrition is a biomedical science with roots in analytical chemistry. As such, it has relied traditionally upon ... More
Small and MightyVitamins, Minerals, and Phytonutrients

Small and Mighty: Vitamins, Minerals, and Phytonutrients  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0010
Format: 
chapter
What are vitamins? Vitamins are organic compounds (i.e., contain carbon) essential for life that must be obtained in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. They ... More
Sweet DrinksFruit Juice, Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, and Diet Soda (POP)

Sweet Drinks: Fruit Juice, Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, and Diet Soda (POP)  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0020
Format: 
chapter
How many sugar-sweetened beverages are we drinking, and are they related to obesity? Beverages comprise 47% of added sugar intakes in American diets, of which 39% come from ... More
Water DwellersFish and Seafood

Water Dwellers: Fish and Seafood  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0017
Format: 
chapter
What are the nutritional benefits of seafood? Like other animal foods, fish and shellfish are excellent sources of protein, as well as a number of B-complex vitamins, vitamin D, ... More
Water, Coffee, and TeaImpacts on Health and Environment

Water, Coffee, and Tea: Impacts on Health and Environment  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0018
Format: 
chapter
Why is water essential for life, and how much do we need? Water is the sixth essential nutrient required for life. Our bodies are approximately 60% water, about 75% in infants and ... More
Whole Grains, Refined Grains, and Gluten

Whole Grains, Refined Grains, and Gluten  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0014
Format: 
chapter
What are cereal grains and “pseudograins”? Grains like wheat, corn, oats, and rice are cereal grasses, the fruit or seed of the grass family; many grains are thus referred to as ... More

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