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Afghanistan Seen by Others

Afghanistan Seen by Others  

Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
Through much of the twentieth century Afghanistan seemed to be a distant concern in the United States. “Afghanistanism” used to be journalistic shorthand for stories about distant places, ... More
The British Raj and the Road to Independence

The British Raj and the Road to Independence  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
What was the East India Company? On December 31, 1600, Queen Elizabeth I granted a royal charter giving a group of English adventurers a fifteen-year monopoly over England’s trade ... More
Civil War: Islamic State to Islamic Emirate

Civil War: Islamic State to Islamic Emirate  

Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0005
Format: 
chapter
What set off the 1992–96 civil war? Various actors maneuvered to fill the power vacuum in Kabul left by the Soviet withdrawal. After the failure of the offensive on Jalalabad, the ... More
Coda

Coda  

David I. Steinberg

in Burma/Myanmar: What Everyone Needs to Know® (2 ed.)

Published in Print: 
26 September 2013
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199981687.003.0011
Format: 
chapter
This Coda was written in the summer of 2009. See chapter 9 for a reassessment. The prognosis for early socioeconomic progress in Myanmar is not sanguine, and ... More
The Colonial Era’s Importance in Understanding Burma/Myanmar Today

The Colonial Era’s Importance in Understanding Burma/Myanmar Today  

David I. Steinberg

in Burma/Myanmar: What Everyone Needs to Know® (2 ed.)

Published in Print: 
26 September 2013
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199981687.003.0005
Format: 
chapter
The colonial period lasted a relatively short time in its domination of the whole country—only from 1885 to 1948. Its impact, however, has been of far greater significance than one might ... More
Communist Coup, Islamic Resistance

Communist Coup, Islamic Resistance  

Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
How did the war start? Since 2001, the war in Afghanistan has entered a new phase, but it began on April 27, 1978, when military officers belonging to the PDPA overthrew President ... More
The Crises That Are Burma/Myanmar

The Crises That Are Burma/Myanmar  

David I. Steinberg

in Burma/Myanmar: What Everyone Needs to Know® (2 ed.)

Published in Print: 
26 September 2013
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199981687.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
This chapter and those that follow, all written before the change in government based on the elections in November 2010, are left intact to encourage the reader to reflect on how the state ... More
The Economy

The Economy  

Patrick McEachern

in North Korea: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 August 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190937997.003.0009
Format: 
chapter
Is North Korea economically self-reliant? North Korean leader Kim Il Sung first declared his emphasis on self-reliance in a 1955 speech. Encapsulating self-reliance of all forms ... More
Economy

Economy  

Steven Rood

in The Philippines: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
12 December 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190920609.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
At the turn of the millennium, a team of economists from the Australian National University and the University of the Philippines published The Philippine Economy: Development, Policies, ... More
Economy

Economy  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0008
Format: 
chapter
What is the size of India’s economy and how fast is it growing? In terms of purchasing power parity, India’s $2.3 trillion economy ranked third in the world after the United States ... More
Environment

Environment  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0011
Format: 
chapter
How will climate change affect India? With its large population, long coastlines, and location near the equator, India is particularly vulnerable to the negative effects of global ... More
From Mao to Now

From Mao to Now  

Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom and Maura Elizabeth Cunningham

in China in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know® (3 ed.)

Published in Print: 
14 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190659073.003.004
Format: 
chapter
Who was Deng Xiaoping? Deng’s first revolutionary experiences were as a student in France in the 1920s, when he developed a lasting friendship with a fellow radical youth named ... More
The Future

The Future  

Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom and Maura Elizabeth Cunningham

in China in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know® (3 ed.)

Published in Print: 
14 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190659073.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
Is China bent on world domination? Although Americans perceived the Soviet Union as posing the greatest Cold War-era military challenge, they also periodically feared a “China ... More
The Future

The Future  

Patrick McEachern

in North Korea: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 August 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190937997.003.0012
Format: 
chapter
What are the prospects for Korean unification? The near-term prospects for Korean unification are dim, but unification remains a constitutionally derived, foundational idea of the ... More
Geography, Demography, and Climate

Geography, Demography, and Climate  

Steven Rood

in The Philippines: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
12 December 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190920609.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
How many islands does the Philippines have? When at the 1994 Miss Universe pageant (being held in the Philippines), Philippine contestant Charlene Gonzales was asked, “How many ... More
Geopolitics

Geopolitics  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0010
Format: 
chapter
Who are India’s neighbors? India is by far the largest economy in South Asia, dominating neighboring Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Nepal, not to mention tiny Bhutan ... More
Geopolitics and the Future: The Philippines in the World

Geopolitics and the Future: The Philippines in the World  

Steven Rood

in The Philippines: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
12 December 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190920609.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
For the Philippines, it seems that geography is often destiny. The islands’ location, rather than the resources they held, was what made them attractive to the Spanish imperial enterprise. ... More
Government and Governance

Government and Governance  

Steven Rood

in The Philippines: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
12 December 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190920609.003.0005
Format: 
chapter
How is the national legislature structured? The bicameral Philippine Congress works in interesting ways. In fact, constitutional designers have been ambivalent about bicameralism ... More
History: “300 Years in a Convent, 50 Years in Hollywood,” Then on Its Own

History: “300 Years in a Convent, 50 Years in Hollywood,” Then on Its Own  

Steven Rood

in The Philippines: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
12 December 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190920609.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
History wars in the Philippines seem never-ending. How should the nation view Spain, which created the concept of “the Philippines” and brought Christianity to its shores—at the same time ... More
Imperial China

Imperial China  

Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom and Maura Elizabeth Cunningham

in China in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know® (3 ed.)

Published in Print: 
14 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190659073.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
What were the main early dynasties? A standard way to break up Chinese history is to start with 221 b.c.e., the year that Qin Shi Huang transformed various small states into ... More

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