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Afghanistan Seen by Others

Afghanistan Seen by Others  

Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
Through much of the twentieth century Afghanistan seemed to be a distant concern in the United States. “Afghanistanism” used to be journalistic shorthand for stories about distant places, ... More
The British Raj and the Road to Independence

The British Raj and the Road to Independence  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
What was the East India Company? On December 31, 1600, Queen Elizabeth I granted a royal charter giving a group of English adventurers a fifteen-year monopoly over England’s trade ... More
Civil War: Islamic State to Islamic Emirate

Civil War: Islamic State to Islamic Emirate  

Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0005
Format: 
chapter
What set off the 1992–96 civil war? Various actors maneuvered to fill the power vacuum in Kabul left by the Soviet withdrawal. After the failure of the offensive on Jalalabad, the ... More
Communist Coup, Islamic Resistance

Communist Coup, Islamic Resistance  

Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
How did the war start? Since 2001, the war in Afghanistan has entered a new phase, but it began on April 27, 1978, when military officers belonging to the PDPA overthrew President ... More
Economy

Economy  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0008
Format: 
chapter
What is the size of India’s economy and how fast is it growing? In terms of purchasing power parity, India’s $2.3 trillion economy ranked third in the world after the United States ... More
Economy

Economy  

Steven Rood

in The Philippines: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
12 December 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190920609.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
At the turn of the millennium, a team of economists from the Australian National University and the University of the Philippines published The Philippine Economy: Development, Policies, ... More
Environment

Environment  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0011
Format: 
chapter
How will climate change affect India? With its large population, long coastlines, and location near the equator, India is particularly vulnerable to the negative effects of global ... More
Geography, Demography, and Climate

Geography, Demography, and Climate  

Steven Rood

in The Philippines: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
12 December 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190920609.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
How many islands does the Philippines have? When at the 1994 Miss Universe pageant (being held in the Philippines), Philippine contestant Charlene Gonzales was asked, “How many ... More
Geopolitics

Geopolitics  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0010
Format: 
chapter
Who are India’s neighbors? India is by far the largest economy in South Asia, dominating neighboring Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Nepal, not to mention tiny Bhutan ... More
Geopolitics and the Future: The Philippines in the World

Geopolitics and the Future: The Philippines in the World  

Steven Rood

in The Philippines: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
12 December 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190920609.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
For the Philippines, it seems that geography is often destiny. The islands’ location, rather than the resources they held, was what made them attractive to the Spanish imperial enterprise. ... More
Government and Governance

Government and Governance  

Steven Rood

in The Philippines: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
12 December 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190920609.003.0005
Format: 
chapter
How is the national legislature structured? The bicameral Philippine Congress works in interesting ways. In fact, constitutional designers have been ambivalent about bicameralism ... More
History: “300 Years in a Convent, 50 Years in Hollywood,” Then on Its Own

History: “300 Years in a Convent, 50 Years in Hollywood,” Then on Its Own  

Steven Rood

in The Philippines: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
12 December 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190920609.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
History wars in the Philippines seem never-ending. How should the nation view Spain, which created the concept of “the Philippines” and brought Christianity to its shores—at the same time ... More
India’s Civilizational Legacy

India’s Civilizational Legacy  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
How has India’s geography shaped its history? The Indian subcontinent is a distinct geographic area, connected to yet largely separate from the vast continent of Eurasia. At once ... More
9/ 11, International Intervention, and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

9/ 11, International Intervention, and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan  

Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
What happened in the run-up to 9/11? Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, the leaders of al-Qaeda, returned to Afghanistan from Khartoum, Sudan, in May 1996. There they joined a ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
India enchants the world with its culture, excites with its potential, and intrigues with its traditions. It perplexes with its complexity, and it shocks with its violence, poverty, and ... More
The Land and the People

The Land and the People  

Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
How do people in Afghanistan identify themselves? To understand a society, it is important to understand the identities of its people; it is equally important to remember that ... More
More War, Insurgency, and Counterinsurgency

More War, Insurgency, and Counterinsurgency  

Antonio Giustozzi and Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0009
Format: 
chapter
How did the insurgency against the Afghan government and international presence in Afghanistan start? The Taliban were utterly defeated in 2001 and dispersed among remote villages ... More
Narcotics and Counter-Narcotics

Narcotics and Counter-Narcotics  

David Mansfield and Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0008
Format: 
chapter
How did narcotics become the largest industry in Afghanistan? When the war started in late 1970s, most of the opium and heroin production in the world was in the Golden ... More
A New Republic

A New Republic  

Mira Kamdar

in India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
28 June 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199973606.003.0005
Format: 
chapter
What challenges did India face at independence? When India achieved independence from Britain on August 15, 1947, it faced a daunting situation. Its population of 345 million was ... More
Peace Or More War?

Peace Or More War?  

Barnett R. Rubin

in Afghanistan: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 October 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190496630.003.0010
Format: 
chapter
The 2014–19 term of President Ghani and the National Unity Government (NUG) overlapped with that of President Donald Trump. Trump struggled to reconcile his America-first impulses with the ... More

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