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Alcohol and HealthCheers!?

Alcohol and Health: Cheers!?  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0019
Format: 
chapter
How is alcohol handled in the body? Alcohol is among the only drugs consumed regularly in the diet other than caffeine. It is water-soluble and distributed into all tissues and ... More
Amazonia’s Uncertain Future

Amazonia’s Uncertain Future  

Mark J. Plotkin

in The Amazon: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
23 June 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190668297.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
I have already outlined a number of threats to Amazonia like cattle ranching, mining, and climate change, but what follows are some of the most urgent—​and ominous—​risks and challenges ... More
Amazonian Biota

Amazonian Biota  

Mark J. Plotkin

in The Amazon: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
23 June 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190668297.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
Plants What is ayahuasca? From Argentina to Australia, from Israel to Istanbul, a once-​obscure Amazonian liana, admixed with a few other plants, is now celebrated—​and ... More
The Antarctic Treaty of 1959

The Antarctic Treaty of 1959  

David Day

in Antarctica: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 June 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190641320.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
Why were the Russians and other claimants suddenly prepared in the late 1950s to reach agreement on the governance of Antarctica? The onset of the Cold War and the arrival of ... More
Arctic Homelands

Arctic Homelands  

Klaus Dodds and Mark Nuttall

in The Arctic: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 August 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190649814.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
The Arctic, if defined by land and sea (and ice) lying north of the Arctic Circle, is home to 4 million people. The majority of residents are found in the Russian North, and overwhelmingly ... More
A Brief History of NutritionScientific Discoveries and Applications

A Brief History of Nutrition: Scientific Discoveries and Applications  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0009
Format: 
chapter
How do we know what we know about food and health? We eat every day, and we know how food makes us feel. Perhaps because of this, many overlook that nutrition is a discipline ... More
Commercial Activity in Postwar Antarctica

Commercial Activity in Postwar Antarctica  

David Day

in Antarctica: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 June 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190641320.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
Why did postwar whaling peter out so quickly? The lack of Antarctic whaling activity during World War II allowed whale stocks to begin recovering. But it didn’t take long for ... More
Conclusion

Conclusion  

Mark J. Plotkin

in The Amazon: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
23 June 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190668297.003.0008
Format: 
chapter
How can Amazonia be saved? Protected areas form the backbone of rainforest conservation. Amazonia is home to several colossal national parks: both Chiribiquete in Colombia and ... More
Contemporary Food Production, Buzzwords, and Pop NutritionFact or Fiction?

Contemporary Food Production, Buzzwords, and Pop Nutrition: Fact or Fiction?  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
What are “processed” foods, and how do they fit into a healthy diet? Food processing transforms raw agricultural crops into food products. For many, “processed foods” carries a ... More
Creating a Colorful PlateVegetables and Fruits

Creating a Colorful Plate: Vegetables and Fruits  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0013
Format: 
chapter
How do vegetables differ nutritionally? Botanically, vegetables are the edible parts of plants and, thus, technically include fruits (the seed-containing, mature ovary). ... More
Diets and Food Environments TodayWhy We Eat the Way We Do

Diets and Food Environments Today: Why We Eat the Way We Do  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
What are the influencers and major drivers of eating behavior and food choices in today’s world? For millions of years during the course of evolution, the human diet was driven ... More
First Contact

First Contact  

David Day

in Antarctica: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 June 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190641320.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
How did Antarctica become the desolate, ice-cloaked continent we know today? Hundreds of millions of years ago, Antarctica was part of a much bigger continent. Dubbed “Gondwana” or ... More
The Foundation of NutritionCarbohydrate, Fat, and Protein

The Foundation of Nutrition: Carbohydrate, Fat, and Protein  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0011
Format: 
chapter
What are the different kinds of carbohydrates we eat? Carbohydrates are so named because of their chemical composition, which includes carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Globally, the ... More
Framing Today’s Food and Nutrition Issues

Framing Today’s Food and Nutrition Issues  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
What’s this book about? The Oxford Living Dictionary defines “food” as “a nutritious substance that people or animals eat or drink or that plants absorb in order to maintain life ... More
From Colonization to Cooperation

From Colonization to Cooperation  

Klaus Dodds and Mark Nuttall

in The Arctic: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 August 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190649814.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
The Arctic has undergone profound human and natural change over millennia. When we record that the Arctic is home to some 4 million people, it is a mere fraction of a world population ... More
The Future of Antarctica

The Future of Antarctica  

David Day

in Antarctica: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 June 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190641320.003.0009
Format: 
chapter
What agreements are in place for the protection of Antarctic marine life? There are three agreements that are designed to protect marine life in the seas around Antarctica. The ... More
The Future of Food and Nutrition

The Future of Food and Nutrition  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0023
Format: 
chapter
How will we sustainably feed 10 billion people in 2050—and beyond? Current estimates suggest that about 50% more food, feed, and biofuel is required to nourish about one-third more ... More
Geology, Soils, and Vegetation

Geology, Soils, and Vegetation  

Mark J. Plotkin

in The Amazon: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
23 June 2020
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190668297.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
What is the geological history of Amazonia? The supercontinent Gondwana began breaking up approximately 180 million years ago. South America and Africa started to drift apart about ... More
The Global Arctic

The Global Arctic  

Klaus Dodds and Mark Nuttall

in The Arctic: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 August 2019
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190649814.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
The term “global Arctic” has gained traction in recent years as a shorthand term for a region in transition. We have spoken at length about climate change and resource speculation and their ... More
Global Food and Nutrition ChallengesPeople and Planet

Global Food and Nutrition Challenges: People and Planet  

P.K. Newby

in Food and Nutrition: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
08 November 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190846640.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
Who is affected by hunger, food insecurity, and malnutrition? Global hunger has been decreasing steadily in recent years, from about 900 million in 2000 to 777 million in 2015, or ... More

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