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The Basics

The Basics  

Cassidy R. Sugimoto and Vincent Larivière

in Measuring Research: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
01 February 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190640118.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
What is this book about? Research is a complex social activity. It is performed in a variety of environments by a wide array of actors, and includes many different activities. ... More
The Big Picture

The Big Picture  

Cassidy R. Sugimoto and Vincent Larivière

in Measuring Research: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
01 February 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190640118.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
Who controls research measurement? Scholarship is often lauded as a public good—that is, a product that is expensive to hold exclusively and whose value does not lessen with ... More
The Data

The Data  

Cassidy R. Sugimoto and Vincent Larivière

in Measuring Research: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
01 February 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190640118.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
What is a citation index? A citation index is a bibliographic database that contains, in addition to basic metadata on information resources—such as authors, publication year, ... More
Definitions and History

Definitions and History  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
What is “scholarly communication” and what forms does it take? Scholarly communication is something of an umbrella term that refers to the many different ways in which authors and ... More
The Future of Scholarly Communication

The Future of Scholarly Communication  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0015
Format: 
chapter
The obvious question for us to address in this final chapter is a deceptively simple-sounding one: What will the future of scholarly communication look like? But we should probably break ... More
Google Books and Hathitrust

Google Books and Hathitrust  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0009
Format: 
chapter
What is the Google Books Project? Google Books has its origins in an idea that occurred to Google founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page in the mid-1990s, when they were graduate ... More
The Indicators

The Indicators  

Cassidy R. Sugimoto and Vincent Larivière

in Measuring Research: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
01 February 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190640118.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
How is authorship defined and measured? Authorship is at the heart of bibliometric indicators: It is authors, whose names and institutions appear on a document, who are measured. ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
Scholarly communication may seem, quite reasonably, like a narrow and specialized area of inquiry, one that most people neither need nor probably want to know very much about. So perhaps we ... More
Metadata and Why It Matters

Metadata and Why It Matters  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0012
Format: 
chapter
What is metadata? Literally, the word “metadata” means “data about data,” and it refers to a huge variety of information types. A caption printed under a photograph is an example ... More
Metrics and Altmetrics

Metrics and Altmetrics  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0011
Format: 
chapter
How is quality defined and measured in the world of scholarly publishing? The concept of scholarly quality is a complicated one because it has multiple dimensions that apply in ... More
Needs and Practices in STM and HSS

Needs and Practices in STM and HSS  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0010
Format: 
chapter
What do STM and HSS stand for? STM stands for “scientific, technical, and medical,” and the acronym has basically come to be used as a shorthand reference to what many call the ... More
Open Access: Opportunities and Challenges

Open Access: Opportunities and Challenges  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0013
Format: 
chapter
What is “open access”? Open access (OA) has to do with making access to scholarly content freely available to all. As a term, it is often used in opposition to “toll access,” which ... More
Problems and Controversies in Scholarly Communication

Problems and Controversies in Scholarly Communication  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0014
Format: 
chapter
What is the “serials crisis”? For the past several decades, librarians and other observers and participants in the scholarly communication ecosystem have been expressing alarm over ... More
The Role of University Presses

The Role of University Presses  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0008
Format: 
chapter
How did university presses come into existence? University press publishing has its origins with two of the first universities in the Western Hemisphere: those at Oxford and ... More
What Does the Scholarly Communication Marketplace Look Like?

What Does the Scholarly Communication Marketplace Look Like?  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
How many scholars and scientists are publishing articles and books? This is a reasonable question, but unfortunately a terribly difficult one to answer. It is difficult to ... More
What Is Scholarly Publishing and How Does It Work?

What Is Scholarly Publishing and How Does It Work?  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0005
Format: 
chapter
What is the difference between scholarly communication and scholarly publishing? As discussed in Chapter 2, scholars communicate with each other in a wide variety of ways, all of ... More
What Is the Role of Copyright?

What Is the Role of Copyright?  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
Why do we have copyright law? Although there have been various laws throughout history designed to regulate publishing, modern copyright law has its clearest roots in the Statute ... More
What Is the Role of the Library?

What Is the Role of the Library?  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
What do we mean when we say “libraries”? Obviously, there are many different kinds of libraries with a variety of missions: Public libraries, corporate libraries, hospital ... More
Who Are the Scholars and Why Do They Communicate?

Who Are the Scholars and Why Do They Communicate?  

Rick Anderson

in Scholarly Communication: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
26 July 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190639440.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
Who contributes to the scholarly communication ecosystem? First of all, it is important to note that scholarly communication does, in fact, take place within an ecosystem, a ... More

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