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The Bashir-Turabi Coup of 1989, the Rise and Fall of Hassan Al-Turabi, and U.S. Policy Toward Sudan

The Bashir-Turabi Coup of 1989, the Rise and Fall of Hassan Al-Turabi, and U.S. Policy Toward Sudan  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
How did Omar al-Bashir and Hassan al-Turabi take power? On June 30, 1989, just as Sadiq was about to leave for Addis Ababa, a group of midranking army officers led by Brigadier ... More
The Birth of Modern Sudan

The Birth of Modern Sudan  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
How has Sudan’s early history affected its current problems? To answer this question, we need to follow Sudan’s history, principally that of the last two centuries. European ... More
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0009
Format: 
chapter
Why did Khartoum negotiate an end to the Second Civil War? The third Darfur rebellion devolved into a disastrous conflagration while the most sustained effort to resolve the ... More
The Darfur Peace Process

The Darfur Peace Process  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0010
Format: 
chapter
Given the success of the CPA, why hasn’t a similar agreement been negotiated for Darfur? As we’ve seen, the situation in Sudan is complicated because the second civil war—North ... More
The Economics of Oil

The Economics of Oil  

John Campbell and Matthew T. Page

in Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 September 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190657970.003.0002
Format: 
chapter
Despite its huge agricultural potential and flourishing service sector, Nigeria’s economy remains addicted to petroleum revenues. They are one of the country’s few sources of foreign ... More
Fourth Period (Continued): The Second Civil War and the Turabist State

Fourth Period (Continued): The Second Civil War and the Turabist State  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0005
Format: 
chapter
Why and how did the Second Civil War start in the South? Southerners hoping for an immediate peace dividend following the Addis Ababa Agreement were disappointed. Some of this ... More
Fourth Period of Modern Sudan (1956–2005)

Fourth Period of Modern Sudan (1956–2005)  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
How did the first North–South civil war begin? Between October 18 and 21, 1954, southern leaders organized a second Juba Conference, this time with no northern sanction or ... More
The Future of North and South Sudan

The Future of North and South Sudan  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0011
Format: 
chapter
How has the NCP remained in power for two decades? Since 1998, the NCP has used rising oil revenues to ensure its survival. Khartoum has built a domestic munitions industry, ... More
Historical Background

Historical Background  

John Campbell and Matthew T. Page

in Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 September 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190657970.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
The history of what is now Nigeria stretches far back into antiquity. However, before British organization of the colony of Nigeria, completed only in 1914, there was no overarching ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

John Campbell and Matthew T. Page

in Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 September 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190657970.003.0009
Format: 
chapter
Nigeria has by far the largest population of all African countries, with an estimated one out of every five sub-Saharan Africans being a Nigerian. It is now one of the largest democracies ... More
Nigeria and the World

Nigeria and the World  

John Campbell and Matthew T. Page

in Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 September 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190657970.003.0006
Format: 
chapter
Informed opinion in the United States has long concluded that Nigeria was Africa’s most important country strategically. Factors cited have been its huge population, oil production, ... More
Nigeria of the Future

Nigeria of the Future  

John Campbell and Matthew T. Page

in Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 September 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190657970.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
What does Nigeria’s future hold? Will spiraling population growth, unchecked urban expansion, and the negative effects of climate change hold the country back? Or will technological ... More
Nigeria’s Security Challenges

Nigeria’s Security Challenges  

John Campbell and Matthew T. Page

in Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 September 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190657970.003.0005
Format: 
chapter
Some of Nigeria’s greatest security threats—such as Boko Haram and militancy in the oil-rich Niger Delta—routinely grab international headlines. Others, like deadly communal conflict and ... More
The Place and Significance of Sudan

The Place and Significance of Sudan  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0001
Format: 
chapter
Why should anyone care about Sudan? For more than two centuries, Sudan has attracted an unusual level of attention beyond its own borders. This international interest converged in ... More
PoliticsNigeria’s Great Game

Politics: Nigeria’s Great Game  

John Campbell and Matthew T. Page

in Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 September 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190657970.003.0004
Format: 
chapter
Under its current constitution, Nigeria is a federal republic. Executive, legislative, and judicial powers at the national and state levels, as well as state and local authorities, have ... More
Religion

Religion  

John Campbell and Matthew T. Page

in Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
27 September 2018
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780190657970.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
Nigerians like to say that they are the “happiest people in the world and the most religious.” Religiosity permeates public life; events big and small are routinely ascribed to divine ... More
The Rule of the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium

The Rule of the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0003
Format: 
chapter
How did the British and Egyptian colonial period set the stage for later Sudanese conflicts after independence? The British and Egyptian rule continued and accelerated the ... More
The Third Darfur Rebellion Continued

The Third Darfur Rebellion Continued  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0008
Format: 
chapter
How did the Darfuri rebels arm themselves? To understand the complexity of the third Darfur rebellion we must now review the four sources of weapons that supported rebel combat ... More
The Three Rebellions of Darfur

The Three Rebellions of Darfur  

Andrew S. Natsios

in Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Published in Print: 
07 June 2012
Published Online: 
12 November 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/wentk/9780199764204.003.0007
Format: 
chapter
What caused the rebellions in Darfur? The three successive Darfur rebellions beginning in 1987 had deep roots in the Sudanese past. The British colonial rulers broke the military ... More

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